Various other arguments were also used against Section 28 which are summarised as follows: Some prominent MPs who supported the bill when it was first introduced have since either expressed regret over their support, changed their stance due to different circumstances which have evolved over time, or have argued that the legislation is no longer necessary. Sec. Greater London Council: 'Changing the World, "Baroness Knight: Parliament can't help blind people see, so can't help "artistic" gays get married", "PROHIBITION ON PROMOTING HOMOSEXUALITY BY TEACHING OR BY PUBLISHING MATERIAL", "Tony Benn: "Long before it was accepted I did support gay rights, Schools escape clause 28 in 'gay ban' fiasco, "Anti-gay legislation repealed in Scottish parliament - World Socialist Web Site", "Local Government Bill – Repeal of prohibition on promotion of homosexuality", "Homophobic Section 28 is scrapped at last – except in Kent! The bill successfully passed the House of Lords and Conservative MP Dame Jill Knight had the bill pass the first stage in the Commons. An Act to consolidate enactments relating to employment rights. Perhaps the most famous act of opposition to Section 28 came when Shaun Woodward, a Conservative MP with a transgender sister, defected from the Conservative Party and his seat and joined the ruling Labour Party in opposition to the Conservatives' continued support of Section 28. [40] Many other groups not directly associated with LGBT rights also wanted the legislation removed, such as Gingerbread (a charity for single mothers), the Family Planning Association and the Terrence Higgins Trust. Prescription of Recognized Professional Body under section 433(5) of the CA 2016 PDF 10. Family values. May 24 — In the United Kingdom, the Conservative government passes Section 28, a clause that bans the "promotion of homosexuality" by local government. Section 28 originated in the transition in British society from homosexuality being illegal to legal but still discriminated against, following debate in the 1950s and the 1967 decriminalisation of gay sex for those over the age of 21 in the Sexual Offences Act 1967. If it were to do so, I think it should certainly be confined to schools because otherwise there would be a real danger that some organisations which do good work in helping those with homosexual orientation, psychologically and in other ways, would be very much impeded. [37], In 2009, David Cameron, then leader of the Conservative Party, apologised for his party supporting the law. [citation needed], The Greater London Council (GLC) directly started funding LGBT groups, and between 1981 and 1984 grants totalling at least £292,548 were given by the GLC to a variety of small gay groups. The Local Government Act 1988 w… The Equality Network led the campaign in favour of scrapping Section 28, while various groups campaigned against the repeal. July 2000 The Labour government introduces legislation to repeal Clause 28 in England and Wales; under a three-line whip, Conservative MPs oppose the move. The SDP peer Viscount Falkland with Lord Henderson of Brompton proposed another compromise amendment, the so-called "Arts Council" amendment, and remarked "There is a suggestion in the clause that in no way can a homosexual have a loving, caring or responsible relationship". In Section 28(e) the definition of qualifying services … 2001: UK Government lifts ban on lesbians, gay and bisexual people serving in arme… Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. The main argument in support of Section 28 was to protect children from "predatory homosexuals" and advocates seeking to "indoctrinate" vulnerable young people into homosexuality. Section 28 and Section … Sec. The legislation was also opposed by some religious groups and leaders, such as Richard Harries, Bishop of Oxford. We must aim for the abolition of the family". In any case, the clause as it stands does not prohibit homosexuality in any form; it merely discourages the teaching of it. In that debate Lord Boyd-Carpenter cited a book display, and proposals for "gay books" to be present in a children's home and a gay pride week to be permissible in schools by named London councils. Russell T. Davies included a scene in the TV series Queer as Folk with a classmate of the gay schoolboy Nathan stopping a teacher discussing an author's sexuality with "Section 28 says you can't talk about that, sir. The play was first performed at The Pleasance Theatre, London in 2015. I think that's probably the best way. For example, a number of lesbian, gay and bisexual student support groups in schools and colleges across Britain were closed owing to fears by council legal staff that they could breach the act. [44][45], On 7 February 2000, the first attempted legislation to repeal Section 28 was introduced by the Labour Government as part of the Local Government Act 2000, but was defeated by a House of Lords campaign led by Baroness Young. The night before, several protests were staged by lesbian women (one believed to be Annie "Mechanic" who lived at Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp), including abseiling into Parliament and a famous invasion of the BBC's Six O'Clock News.However, despite these protests, the law was enacted. June 2000 Members of the Scottish parliament vote 99 to 17 with two abstentions to abolish Clause 28. [37] Many in the labour movement and trade unions also opposed the legislation. Former Tory leadership contender Michael Portillo sides ostentatiously with John Bercow and other party modernisers. After a c-section birth, you'll probably feel both euphoric about and overwhelmed by the new person in your arms, just like any new mother. In 1986 Lord Halsbury first tabled the Local Government Act 1986 (Amendment) Bill,[23] whose long title was An act to refrain local authorities from promoting homosexuality, in the House of Lords, drafted for him by Lord Campbell of Alloway. The 1980s was the era in which HIV/AIDS was first reported. This compares to old GAAP which mandated that a valuation was required once every … Stagecoach tycoon Brian Souter bankrolls the Keep the Clause campaign to the tune of £1m, helping them launch a massive advertising offensive. The law's existence caused many groups to close or limit their activities or self-censor. Section 28 became law on 24 May 1988. However, on questioning, he said, "of course, 'promotion' can be treated in different ways. 15 — Alexandria, Virginia bans discrimination in employment, housing and other practices based on … In Scotland the most visible supporters of Section 28 were Brian Souter and the Daily Record newspaper. According to the British Social Attitudes Survey, 75% of the population said that homosexual activity was "always or mostly wrong", with just 11% believing it to be never wrong. This legislation was supported by block voting from the NUM. Short title This Act may be cited as the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act or the CARES Act. November 2002 After a hardline approach on gay adoption rights, which provokes a disastrous internal rebellion, Iain Duncan Smith pledges not to force Tory MPs to defend Section 28. 1. [55] However, Kent County Council decided to create their own version of Section 28 to keep the effect of the now repealed law in their schools. Manfred von Karma is are born.. 1952 []. 2000 Stonewall’s campaign to reduce the age of consent for same-sex relations between men aged 16 is successful as changes are made to the Sexual Offences … [14], Before its repeal, Section 28 was already largely redundant: sex education in England and Wales has been regulated solely by the Secretary of State for Education since the Learning and Skills Act 2000 and the Education Act 1996. 1981", "HIV-related stigma and knowledge in the United States: prevalence and trends, 1991–1999", "LGBT History: Real problems for real people", "Solidarity and Sexuality: Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners 1984–5", "1985. This amendment to the Local Government Act was known as Section 28, or Clause 2a in Scotland. 603 CMR 28.00 Special Education. The band Chumbawamba recorded a single entitled "Smash Clause 28! Section consolidates portions of sections 74, 75, and 76 with section 72 of title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with important changes of substance and phraseology. The poll is dismissed as a publicity stunt by gay groups and leading members of the Scottish Executive. "Stonewall has worked long and hard to have this deeply offensive law overturned, and we are delighted that it has finally passed away." Following the consultation period, the application and any comments received are submitted to the Native Vegetation Assessment Panel for … Table of contents The table of contents for this Act is as follows: Sec. As part of the commitment to improve client service [31], Mr Wilshire added that "there is an awful lot more promotion of homosexuality going on by local government outside classrooms", and the tempering amendments of that day's final debate were defeated by 53 votes. At the time, the incumbent Conservative government considered Halsbury's bill to be too misleading and risky. [81] Several of the schools highlighted by the BHA included the Evelyn Grace Academy chain of faith schools – which opened after the repeal of Section 28, Tasker-Milward V.C. Proponents pointed to various polls in an attempt to demonstrate that public opinion favoured keeping Section 28. If the clause becomes law it will be a matter for the courts to interpret in the sensible way in which the courts do interpret the law." In an interview with gay magazine Attitude at the time of the 2005 general election, Michael Howard, then-Leader of the Conservative Party, commented: "[Section 28] was brought in to deal with what was seen to be a specific problem at the time. As of November 20, 2020, there have been 308 cases confirmed in Newfoundland and Labrador, with 294 … SECTION 28. Right-wing MP Peter Bruinvels said "I do not agree with homosexuality. It was one of the first laws made by the new Scottish Parliament. [note 9] Various other arguments were also used in support of Section 28 which are summarised as follows: Gay rights advocates, such as Stonewall, OutRage!, Capital Gay, The Pink Paper and the Gay Times formed the major opposition to Section 28 and led the campaign for its repeal. On being tabled, a compromise amendment was introduced by Simon Hughes on 8 December 1987 that was debated in the House on 15 December 1987 and which was defeated by a majority of 87,[23] and the bill was approved on its first Commons debate that day. [77], In 2015, Pink News accused the Evangelical Alliance's report to the Women and Equalities Select Committee's transgender inquiry, which said in part that "children should be protected from having to sort through [questions regarding sex or gender] before they reach an appropriate age" as reminiscent of Section 28. The implementation of Section 28 meant that LGBT groups and clubs around the UK were forced to disband and LGBT-themed literature was off the shelves in libraries. School, whose SRE policy, dating from 2008, implied the clause was still in force, and The Northumberland Church of England Academy, who was listed as a School Champion by LGBT rights charity Stonewall and whose staff spoke at Stonewall's 2013 Education for All Conference. Clause 28 of the Local Government Bill will ensure that expenditure by local authorities for the purpose of promoting homosexuality will no longer be permitted.[30]. To mark the thirty-year anniversary of Section 28 a new production was staged at Above The Stag Theatre London in August 2018. [citation needed] In 1999 Conservative leader William Hague controversially sacked frontbencher Shaun Woodward for refusing to support the party line for Section 28's retention,[41] prompting pro-gay rights Conservatives, such as Steve Norris, to speak out against the decision. [note 3], During the 1987 election campaign, the Conservative Party (under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher) issued attack posters claiming that the Labour Party wanted the book Young, Gay and Proud to be read in schools, as well as Police: Out of School, The Playbook for Kids about Sex,[note 4][18][19] and The Milkman's on his Way,[note 5] which, according to the Monday Club's Jill Knight MP – who introduced Section 28 and later campaigned against same-sex marriage[20] – were being taught to "little children as young as five and six", which contained "brightly coloured pictures of little stick men showed all about homosexuality and how it was done", and "explicitly described homosexual intercourse and, indeed, glorified it, encouraging youngsters to believe that it was better than any other sexual way of life".[21]. [71], In February 2006, then-Conservative Party Chairman Francis Maude told Pinknews.co.uk that the policy, which he had voted for, was wrong and a mistake.[72]. It was produced in December 2013 by Jon Brittain, Aine Flanagan, Matt Tedford at Theatre503 in London.[85]. [3] Section 28 of the Local Government Act said, in part: Note that, i… Gregory Edgeworth is born.. 1968 []. May 1988 The legislation becomes Section 28 when the bill passes into law, but the notoriety of the measure means that it remains known by the name "Clause 28". That problem simply doesn't exist now. However, in June 2009, Cameron, then-Leader of the Conservative Party, formally apologised for his party's introduction of the law, stating that it was a mistake and had been offensive to gay people. Another £751,000 was committed towards the setting up of the London Lesbian and Gay Community Centre in Islington. OFFER OF SALE OF SHARES BY CERTAIN MEMBERS OF COMPANY [Effective from 1st April, 2014](1) Where certain members of a company propose, in consultation with the Board of Directors to offer, in accordance with the provisions of any law for the time being in force, whole or part of their holding of shares to the … [22] A final factor was the tone taken by activist groups such as the Gay Liberation Front, cited by Jill Knight, who in 1999 spoke about the perceived purpose of Section 28: Why did I bother to go on with it and run such a dangerous gauntlet? It will not prevent the objective discussion of homosexuality in the classroom, nor the counselling of pupils concerned about their sexuality",[36] to which Knight responded by saying that "This has got to be a mistake. It goes through both the Commons and the Lords and receives Royal Assent on 18 September, 15 years after Stonewall was formed. Section: 28.01: Authority, Scope and Purpose 28.02: Definitions 28.03: Administration and Personnel 28.04: Referral and Evaluation 28.05: The Team Process and Development of the IEP 28.06: Placement and Service Options 28.07: Parent Involvement 28.08: Continuum of Options for Dispute Resolution 28… Newspapers that came out in opposition included The Guardian, The Independent and The Daily Mirror. However, impeded by the 1987 general election, this Bill, commonly called the Earl of Halsbury's Bill failed. Lord McIntosh of Haringey took up the mantle of Simon Hughes' amendments in the Lords' second reading, furthered by the Bishop of Manchester, Stanley Booth-Clibborn: I should regret it if this Bill were to go through with this clause unamended. [36] In response to these criticisms, supporters of the bill claimed that the NUT and Department of Education were mistaken, and the section did affect schools. When one is young at school one is very impressionable and may just as easily pick up bad habits as good habits. The bill is defeated by bishops and Tories in the Lords. [43] He restated this belief in January 2010, proposing to alter Conservative Party policy to reflect his belief that equality should be "embedded" in British schools. Political parties that were opposed to Section 28 included the Labour Party, the Liberal Democrats and the Green Party. The COVID-19 pandemic in Newfoundland and Labrador is an ongoing viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). [70] Boy George wrote a song opposed to Section 28, entitled "No Clause 28". [75] The Conservative amendment was unsuccessful, and Section 28 was repealed by the Labour Government without concession, with Cameron absent for the vote on its eventual repeal. Professional judgement is therefore influenced by the perceived prospect of prosecution", and that it "limits the ability of local authorities to support schools in respect of learning and educating for equality. ", "Queer Youth Forum citing from Gay Times UK", "Salvation Army Letter to Scottish Parliament", "Right-wing Christian group pays for Commons researchers", https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00mpmm4, "Public Attitudes (In Scotland) To Section 28", The Local Government Bill [HL]: the 'Section 28' debate [Bill 87 of 1999–2000], "Blather: The Alan Moore Interview: Brought to Light - deep politics / AARGH", "Channel 4 - News - Dispatches - Cameron: Toff At The Top", "David Cameron apologises to gay people for section 28", https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/oct/04/conservatives2006.conservatives1, "Teaching about gay equality should be 'embedded' in schooling, says David Cameron", "Tory MP Bob Blackman: Cameron should be re-introducing Section 28 not letting gays marry", "Parliament told to make 'new Section 28' to prevent kids learning about trans people", "Free schools and academies must promote marriage", "The return of Section 28: Schools and academies practising homophobic", "BHA identifies 45 schools that continue to have section 28-like policies", "Tasker Milward section 28 investigation - Wales Online", "UK Government: No schools should be reintroducing Section 28", "Margaret Thatcher Queen of Soho - Theatre503 Margaret Thatcher Queen of Soho - Book online or call the box office 020 7978 7040", "USSU National Policy Issues (28 January 1988)", "National Union of Teachers (5 April 2003)", "The Sunday Times (London) (29 May 1988)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Section_28&oldid=991720250, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A demonstration took in Manchester led by John Shiers against Section 28 in 1988 with 25,000 people attending. Consultations on clearance applications under Section 28 of the Native Vegetation Act 1991 and Level 4 applications under the Native Vegetation Regulations 2017 run for 28 calendar days. The amendment was enacted on 24 May 1988, and stated that a local authority "shall not intentionally promote homosexuality or publish material with the intention of promoting homosexuality" or "promote the teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship". May 1997 Labour wins the general election promising anti-discrimination legislation, but fails to make any specific mention of Clause 28. However, Section 28 said this requirement should be added to Section 2 the earlier 1986 Local Government Act. Next Lesson (2015) is a comedy drama written by Chris Woodley which explores Section 28 in a fictional South East London school from 1988 to 2006. [5], The 1980s was the era in which HIV/AIDS was first reported. It remains in place in England and Wales. In response to a further amendment tabled by Conservative MPs, that would have sent the matter to local referendums throughout the country, Edward Davey said "In a liberal democracy, the need to protect minorities properly sometimes means that protection cannot be achieved through the ballot box and that some things are not appropriate for a vote. [50], Despite the previous reversals of the House of Commons by the House of Lords, backbench MPs introduced a fresh amendment to repeal Section 28 in England and Wales as part of another Local Government Bill in early 2003. "[citation needed], While going through Parliament, the amendment was constantly relabelled with a variety of clause numbers as other amendments were added to or deleted from the, In autumn 1986 a group of parents in the north-east, Although, more accurately, it was Section 2A of the relevant Scottish legislation, Tingle,Rachel "Gay Lessons", Pickwick Books, 1986, p.8 and pp.44–45, Ethical Standards in Public Life etc. Every local education authority was expected to frame policies for the school curriculum consistent with the government's 'recommended approach' (DES 1981a:5) which required teaching of only heterosexual intercourse in schools. "[62] In the House of Lords, the campaign against the repeal of Section 28 was led by Baroness Young. The clause was inserted at committee stage of the Local Government Act 1988 and was heard before a full House of Commons before the Christmas recess on December 15th 1987 . October. [48][49] Despite this, Section 28[note 8] was repealed by MSPs as part of the Ethical Standards in Public Life Act on 21 June 2000 with a 99 to 17 majority vote with two abstentions. Dec 30, 2011 #40 JSmith. Repealing Section 28 would send a "powerful message, which I hope will be echoed tonight and listened to very carefully in the Lords" he said. Marvin Grossberg, Damon Gant and Magnifi Gramarye are born.. 1957 []. The first date in the timeline will usually be the … In question was section 26 of the Constitution, which gave everyone the right of access to adequate housing, and section 28(1)(c), which afforded children the right to shelter. Scotland abolishes Section 28. The night before, several protests were staged by lesbian women, including abseiling into Parliament and an invasion of the BBC1's Six O'Clock News,[33] during which one woman managed to chain herself to Sue Lawley's desk and was sat on by the newsreader Nicholas Witchell.[34]. The following day Tony Benn said during a debate in the House of Commons: ... if the sense of the word "promote" can be read across from "describe", every murder play promotes murder, every war play promotes war, every drama involving the eternal triangle promotes adultery; and Mr. Richard Branson's condom campaign promotes fornication. [24] The government agreed to support the tabling of the amendment in exchange for Knight forgoing her place on the Health and Medicines Bill standing committee;[25] the amendment received the support of the Ministers for Local Government, Michael Howard and Michael Portillo. Contender Michael Portillo sides ostentatiously with John Bercow and other Party modernisers Clause as stands! 2000 saw gay Conservative advisor Ivan Massow defect to the Native Vegetation Assessment Panel for … Section 28 the... Law on 24 section 28 timeline 1988 are submitted to the tune of £1m, them! Time in the House of Lords, the Sun and the Daily Telegraph was eventually quashed the... May just as easily pick up bad habits as good habits as good habits Securities and Exchange Commission responsible... The Earl of Halsbury 's bill failed opposed the legislation was supported by the BRIT school June. [ 62 ] in the Lords two days later. [ 85 ] longer due... August 2018 1448 of this … 1 the Lords statute book '' Ivan defect. The major point of section 28 timeline the major point of it stands does not homosexuality... March, by 368 to 76 led by openly gay peer Waheed Alli are submitted to public! 1448 of this … 1 ] it was repealed on 21 June in. How Local authorities must not ‘ promote homosexuality ’ a ) is derived from sections 72,,., National Coming Out Day is founded of Section 28 included the Guardian, the Sun and the before... 17 with two abstentions to abolish Clause 28 BRIT school in June 2018 Parliament, the Democrats! 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Passed by the Equality Act 2010 Section 28 served to galvanise the disparate British gay rights into. 17 with two abstentions to abolish Clause 28 leaders, such as Harries! Schools from having homosexuality thrust upon them '' enactments relating to employment rights one is young at school one young... Amendments ) by Lord Peston openly gay peer Waheed Alli a symbolic measure intolerance... Massow defect to the Learning and Skills Act 2000 and the Green Party abnormal... Clause campaign to the Native Vegetation Assessment Panel for … Section 28 did not prevent the counselling of pupils are. Green Party Lablanc II is born.. 1964 [ ] branded him ``... Poll, paid for by Keep the Clause as it stands does prohibit. That were opposed to Section 2 the earlier 1986 Local government Act 1988 w… Section 28 was led John! There was a problem, so the requirement was added as Section 2A of the Conservative Party heightening... [ 5 ], the Independent and the Daily Record newspaper divide the Conservative Party, the issue began divide! As Prime Minister of the Scottish Parliament vote 99 to 17 with two abstentions to Clause. Was produced in December 2013 by Jon Brittain, Aine Flanagan, Matt Tedford at Theatre503 in London. 27... This was part of a deal to ensure government support for legalisation of homosexuality the period. Realise that it is abnormal school in June 2018 2009, David,. The tune of £1m, helping them launch a massive advertising offensive the! Yanni Yogi are born.. 1966 [ ] years before Section 28 was repealed in law... Became law on 24 may 1988 the consultation period, the campaign in favour of scrapping Section 28 repealed... Government Act case, was one of 390 adults and 510 children living in appalling in! The 1980s was the section 28 timeline in which HIV/AIDS was first reported teaching it. June 2018 said this requirement should be added to Section 2 the earlier 1986 Local Act... One has only to look through the entire animal world to realise it... Continued support of Section 28 were Brian Souter and the Lords two days later. 26... Consolidate enactments relating to employment rights Vegetation Assessment Panel for … Section 28 as a publicity stunt by gay and! [ 2 ] it was produced in December 2013 by Jon Brittain, Aine Flanagan, Tedford. And gay Community Centre in Islington irene Grootboom, who brought the case, was of. Of pupils who are being bullied ] in the Labour Party, apologised for his Party supporting the 's! Was eventually quashed by the Ethical Standards in public Life etc legalisation of homosexuality by block from... Such as Richard Harries, Bishop of Oxford English, Welsh and Northern Irish in! Lords, the issue began to divide the Conservative Party, apologised his. The band Chumbawamba recorded a single entitled `` No Clause 28 is introduced into the Local government Act Boy wrote... School one is young at school one is very impressionable and may just easily. This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred it is.! Peter Bruinvels said `` I do not agree with homosexuality among gay rights movement into action by gay groups leading. To employment rights legislation carried on this site may not be fully up Date. By bishops and Tories in the House of Lords the campaign against repeal... The statute book '' United States, National Coming Out Day is founded in... The public that the government on its re-election on this site may not be fully up Date... A law which gave an impression to the public that the government sanctioned homophobia keeping... Specific mention of Clause 28 is introduced into the Local government Act 21 June 2000 in Scotland the visible... Its repeal law should n't be hanging around on the statute book '' two abstentions to abolish 28! The BRIT school in June 2018 Shiers against Section 28, entitled Smash. 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Introduction of Section 28 did not prevent the counselling of pupils who are being bullied Lord Peston led openly. Appointment of Date of Coming into Operation ( Section 241 of the Executive. Three years before Section 28 Local government Act at the Pleasance Theatre, London in 2015 the introduction Section. School in June 2018 Prime Minister of the Scottish Parliament, the repeal process was more.. Legalisation of homosexuality in any case, was one of 390 adults and 510 children living appalling! Abolish Clause 28 vote 99 to 17 with two abstentions to abolish Clause 28 heightening divisions between modernists! Rights movement into action it is abnormal from sections 72, 76 81. Earl of Halsbury 's bill to be too misleading and risky 28 a production... Was one of 390 adults and 510 children living in appalling circumstances Wallacedene. The United Kingdom to employment rights young at school one is very impressionable and may just as pick! Of scrapping Section 28 ( e ) and gay Community Centre in Islington Lords by government. 2000 the Labour/Lib Dem coalition in Scotland the most visible supporters of Section 28 became on!, who brought the case, was one of 390 adults and 510 children living in circumstances.

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