One of the most common applications for cobalt is its use as an alloy. The use of cobalt-based alloys containing 20% ​​-27% chromium in the structural materials of aviation turbine engines can achieve high oxidation resistance without using any protective coating. The coloring mechanism belongs to metal mixed-phase coloring. In this article, we’ll introduce 7 uses of cobalt you mightn’t know. These are used in radiotherapy, sterilizing medical supplies and waste, sterilizing food and measuring the density of an object. Cobalt compounds can be used as catalysts in the petrochemical industry and as adhesives in the rubber tire industry. The substance can also sterilize medical supplies. This salt may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. While the purified metal is a grey steel color, the salts that include cobalt atoms are many shades of blue. When cobalt is alloyed with other metals, very strong magnets are created. Cobalt-60 is used in the inspection of materials to reveal internal structure, flaws, or foreign objects and in the sterilization of food. Cobalt steel loses only 2% -3.5% of its magnetism. This vitamin is essential for making red blood cells. Cobalt chloride paper is used to test for the presence of water leaking through tiny cracks in pipes or porcelain. Heat and humidity are two factors that help determine our outdoor comfort level in summer. The following uses for cobalt are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. Cobalt chemicals are used in the metallic cathodes of rechargeable batteries, as well as in petrochemical catalysts, ceramic pigments, and glass decolorizers. Superalloys, which are used to make parts for gas turbine engines, are another major use for … Uses of Cobalt Cobalt is used in alloys for aircraft engine parts and in alloys with corrosion/wear resistant uses. Another alloy, called Alnico, consists of of aluminum, nickel and cobalt and is strongly magnetic. Cobalt is only in the body as part of vitamin B-12. This element’s uses include alloys, electronics, chemicals, agriculture, and health industries. Cobalt provides objects with an attractive surface that prevents rusting. Stellite alloys, containing cobalt, chromium, and tungsten, are used for high-speed, heavy-duty, high temperature cutting tools, and for dies. Cobalt combines other metal carbide grains in the alloy composition to make the alloy tougher and reduce the sensitivity to impact. Cobalt salts have bee… Cobalt steel loses only 2% -3.5% of its magnetism. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Though still used in pigments, cobalt plays a variety of roles in modern technology. Alloys of cobalt make up half of global cobalt use each year. Cobalt is used mostly in cathodes in rechargeable batteries and in superalloys for turbine engines in jet aircraft. In vitamin B12 (alias cobalamin), which has special effects on hematopoiesis, the cobalt content is as high as 4.5%. The cobalt purple pigment used for decoration of ceramics, glass and other products is cobalt phosphate, the chemical formula is Co3 (PO4) 2, which is blue-phase purple, and is synthesized by the dry solid phase. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. alloyed with iron, nickel and other metals to make Alnico, an alloy of unusual magnetic strength with many important uses (jet engines and gas turbine engines) It is one of the main uses of Cobalt really. Cobalt-60, a radioactive isotope of cobalt, is an important source of gamma rays and is used to treat some forms of cancer and as a medical tracer. She has worked as a reporter, photographer and editor for weekly newspapers in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Cobalt (Co) is a metal used in numerous diverse commercial, industrial, and military applications, many of which are strategic and critical. One of the cores of lithium-ion batteries is its positive electrode material, which uses lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2). The radioactive isotope of cobalt can treat skin diseases and malignant tumors. If you want to know more about the cobalt or other refractory metals, you can visit Advanced Refractory Metals (ARM) for more information. Cobalt is also widely used in the medical field. Radioactive 60 Co is used in the treatment of cancer. Tungsten Copper Alloy vs Molybdenum Copper Alloy, Features & Applications of Tungsten Crucibles. In fact all the way up until the beginning of the 20 th century people have only really exploited cobalt for its beautiful colour. Cobalt is widely used in batteries and in electroplating. The Uses of Cobalt in the Field of Battery Material. In vitamin B12 (alias cobalamin), which has special effects on hematopoiesis, the cobalt content is as high as 4.5%. It is moderately reactive. Cobalt is currently best known as an important ingredient in lithium-ion batteries, but there are plenty of other cobalt uses to know. Sales agents were also oftentimes used by both parties. The Idaho Cobalt Project states that approximately 70 percent of hip replacements use cobalt-chrome femoral stems. Because of its superior magnetic properties, cobalt is widely used in the manufacture of high-performance magnetic materials. Cobalt is normally in its +2 oxidation state as an ion.Some chemical compounds contain cobalt ions in its +4 oxidation state. Cobalt has some of the same jobs as manganese and zinc. Headquartered in Lake Forest, California, USA, ARM is a leading manufacturer & supplier of refractory metals across the world, providing customers with high-quality refractory metal such as tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum, rhenium, titanium, and zirconium at a very competitive price. Cobalt is also a bio-essential element and is found in the centre of vitamin B12. Tool steel containing a certain amount of cobalt can significantly improve its wear resistance and cutting performance. Cobalt is used in electroplating for its attractive appearance, hardness, and resistance to oxidation. It’s part of vitamin B-12. When the temperature is above 1038 ℃, the superiority of the cobalt-based alloy is revealed, and it is particularly suitable for making high-efficiency high-temperature engines and steam turbines. Cobalt alloys are used in orthopedic implants alongside titanium and stainless steel. Copyright © 1994-2019 Stanford Advanced Materials, All Rights Reserved. The Uses of Cobalt in the Field of Pigment. In this case, the cobalt can come from several sources including official and unofficial producers, releases from government stockpiles, a… Cobalt-60 (60 Co) is a synthetic radioactive isotope of cobalt with a half-life of 5.2713 years. Cobalt salts are used to impart blue and green colors in glass and ceramics. Under the vibration environment, the general magnetic steel loses almost 1/3 of its magnetism. In addition to these traditional uses, cobalt is used in a number of industrial applications. The cobalt blue pigment has a bright color. In cobalt-60 therapy, cobalt-60-generated gamma radiation is used to destroy tumors. It’s needed for making red blood cells (erythropoiesis). The large role cobalt plays in cathode technology is, in part, why the EU and the USA class cobalt as a critical raw material. Due to its appearance, hardness and resistance to corrosion, cobalt is often used in electroplating. Cobalt is also used in other magnetic steels and stainless steels, and in alloys used in jet turbines and gas turbine generators. The chemical formula of iron-cobalt chrome black is (Co, Fe) (Fe, Cr) 2O4, which is mainly used for the coloring of ceramic glazes, and the coloring mechanism is also metal mixed-phase coloring. The first thing most people think of when they hear the word cobalt is the color blue. Required fields are marked *. Electroplating. Detailed information related to Cobalt Chloride's uses, side-effects, reviews, questions, interactions, and precautions is as follows: 60Co isotope used as radioactive tracer for the production of gamma rays. These superalloys account for nearly half of the cobalt used eac… Cobalt is used in alloys for aircraft engine parts and in alloys with corrosion/wear resistant uses. Despite being relatively common, it's … Cobalt, which has the element symbol Co, is a metal usually obtained through mining nickel, silver, lead, copper and iron. Alloys, or mixtures of metals, make up half the cobalt used each year. Insufficient amounts result in glucose intolerance in humans. Cobalt is a silver-gray metal with element symbol Co, atomic number 27, a melting point of 1495 ℃, and a boiling point of 2870 ℃. COBALT MAY NOT BE RARE, BUT IT IS VALUABLE. Cobalt salts are used to impart blue and green colors in glass and ceramics. Currently, nearly 40% of cobalt … Cobalt-57 is also used in medicine. It dissolves slowly in acids.This reaction makes hydrogen and a salt of cobalt. In September 2014, researchers in Denmark reported that they'd created a crystalline material that can draw oxygen from air, store it, and then release it as needed. Lithium cobalt oxide is a solid electrolyte with high energy density and high environmental safety. Cobalt has been used by civilizations for centuries to create beautiful deep blue glass, ceramics, pottery and tiles. Since then the range of applications that benefit from Cobalt-60 irradiation has grown A Pennsylvania native, she considers Washington, D.C. to be her adopted home. The main use of cobalt is for lithium batteries. Your email address will not be published. Cobalt has had and still has many uses in the world today. Cobalt-60 is used in medicine as it produces gamma rays. Cobalt chloride, sulfate, acetate or nitrate can correct mineral deficiency in grazing animals living on cobalt-deficient soil. Compared with Ni-Cd and Ni-Mn, the advantages of lithium batteries are wide voltage range, high energy density, and environmental protection. Used as drying agents for paints and inks. Just 2.6 gallons (10 liters) of the material can suck all the air from a room, the researchers said. These properties have led to cobalt’s use in several core applications integral … It is magnetic.It is a hard metal. Superalloys containing cobalt are used in the production of jet engines and gas turbine engines for energy generation. It is also used as catalysts for the petroleum and chemical industries. Cobalt is widely used in batteries and in electroplating. Cobalt-60 therapy is also known as Gamma Knife® therapy. It is also is specifically made for use in gamma irradiation plants – it is not a waste product of nuclear power plants. Chromium is also vital for good health. Cobalt-60, a radioactive form of the element, can treat some forms of cancer. Cobalt is a transition metal.It is shiny and conducts electricity. Cobalt is an essential part of vitamin B12. Your email address will not be published. It can also replace zinc in some biochemical reactions. Chromite is used in high-temperature applications, such as blast furnaces and molds for firing bricks, because it retains strength at high temperature. On a global basis, the leading use of cobalt is in rechargeable battery electrodes. Iron is more reactive and copper is less reactive. These are called biochemical reaction activators. In addition, it has strong weather resistance, acid and alkali resistance, heat resistance up to 1200 degrees Celsius, suitable for coloring pigments for ceramics, glass, enamel, and other materials. The element has been used for hundreds of years, but was named in 1735 by a chemist named Brandt. Annual global cobalt consumption was approximately 75,000 metric tons in 2011; China, Japan, and the United States (in order of consumption amount) were the top three cobalt-consuming countries. Application Of Tungsten And Tungsten Alloys, Advantages And Disadvantages Of Titanium Used in Automobile Industry, Properties & Applications of Molybdenum Copper Alloy. She is a graduate of the University of Maryland. Cobalt deficiency in animals, especially ruminants, can cause diseases such as decreased digestive capacity and anemia, so trace cobalt is widely added to animal feed. However cobalt is not just a pretty face. Currently, nearly 40% of cobalt consumption is used for rechargeable battery materials, such as lithium cobaltate for lithium-ion batteries and cobaltous oxide for nickel-metal hydride batteries. The lithium-ion battery is the most commonly used type of battery with cobalt being found in the cathode. The basic chemical formula of iron-cobalt black is (Fe, Co) Fe2O4, which is mainly used for the coloring of ceramic green bodies. Adding an appropriate amount of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect. Gamma Knife® is a registered trademark of Elekta Instruments, Inc. Cobalt-60 therapy can be used anywhere on the body. Cobalt was also used to colour glass in the Chinese Tang dynasty from 618 AD. It also maintains the nervous system. Therefore, the cobalt-based alloy is widely used in the aerospace and modern military fields. Lisa Rowan is a researcher and blog contributor. It is used in all of these industries in many ways. Overview Information Cobalt is a metal that is found in nature. The chemical composition of cobalt blue is CoO • Al2O3. Cobalt is a lustrous very hard silvery metal belonging to a group called the "transition metals". Alnico magnets can be found in hearing aids, compasses and microphones. When cobalt is alloyed with nickel and aluminum, it can be made into powerful magnets. In addition, cobalt is also used in artificial joint materials and dental fillings. Stellite hard alloys containing more than 50% cobalt will not lose their original hardness even if heated to 1000 ℃. As previously mentioned, cobalt is usually found as an alloy within the earth. The metal is used in electroplating because of its appearance, hardness, and resistance to oxidation. Cobalt (Co), chemical element, ferromagnetic metal of Group 9 (VIIIb) of the periodic table, used especially for heat -resistant and magnetic alloys. Cobalt black pigments mainly include iron-cobalt black and iron-cobalt chrome black. Cobalt is one of the few metals that remain magnetic after a single magnetization. Cobalt is a hard gray metal element. Cobalt alloys are widely used for aircraft engine parts, as the high temperature strength is an important factor. Cobalt is also used to make alloys for jet engines and gas turbines, magnetic steels and some types of stainless steels. Due to its good temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and magnetic properties, cobalt is widely used in production and our life. Cobalt salts are used to produce vivid shades of blue in porcelain, glass, pottery and tiles. Read More on This Topic cobalt processing: Cobalt-60 Three of the main uses of cobalt are as a metal alloy, for electroplating and in batteries. Beneficial Uses of Cobalt-60 In the mid-1950s the increasing demand for sterile single-use medical devices led to a rapid expansion in the use of gamma irradiation to sterilize products as the technology provided a very effective means of ensuring sterility. It can be used to work out how much vitamin B12 is being taken in by the human body. Iron has a Curie point of 769 ° C, nickel of 358 ° C, and cobalt of 1150 ° C. The magnetic steel containing 60% cobalt has a coercive force 2.5 times higher than that of ordinary magnetic steel. Most cobalt used in the United States is imported. Elec… Under the vibration environment, the general magnetic steel loses almost 1/3 of its magnetism. Despite the many uses for cobalt metal, cobalt's primary applications are in the chemical sector, which accounts for about half of the total global demand. This alloy is welded to the surface of the part and can increase the life of the part by 3-7 times. Cobalt-60 is also used in blast furnaces to determine times and to quantify income to measure the furnace performance. Some alloys go into making jet engines and gas turbine engines. In a similar way, it is being used to make paint pigments. ue to its good temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and magnetic properties, cobalt is widely used in production and our life. Adding an appropriate amount of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect. The US government treats cobalt as a strategic metal because a shortage would affect the economy, industry and defense of the country. These magnets are used in hearing aids, microphones and compasses. When the producers controlled the cobalt market, the majority of its sales occurred as direct transactions between the producers and the consumers. Thank you for reading our article and we hope it can help you to have a better understanding of the uses of cobalt. When water is present, the test paper goes from blue to pink. In medicine, it is used to treat cancer and to sterilize medical equipment. Therefore, the cobalt-based alloy is widely used in the aerospace and modern military fields. Cutting tools can be made with stellite alloys, which contain cobalt, chromium and tungsten. It is used in magnets and magnetic recording media. Although these naturally found alloys have interesting uses and properties, cobalt can be added to other elements like tungsten, nickel, and samarium to form superalloys. Cobalt is used in electroplating, a process in which a layer of material is applied to an object to give it a particular aesthetic or protective quality. Today, cobalt's uses range from health and nutrition to industry. (Cobalt Periodic) Cobalt is a part in a lot of steels, specifically in super alloys. It is alloyed with iron, nickel and other metals to make Alnico, an alloy of unusual magnetic strength with many important uses. Cobalt improves the performance of rechargeable batteries and plays an important role in hybrid electric vehicles. Cobalt is also p… In 1739, Georg Brandt discovered it while studying minerals that gave glass a deep blue color. Cobalt Chloride is used for Macrocytic anemia and other conditions. Organ meats, mushrooms, wheat germ, and broccoli are all good dietary sources of chromium. Cobalt is used in electroplating, a process in which a layer of material is applied to … Now that we know what cobalt is and some its cool properties, let's look at some uses of this metal. The temperature at which magnetism is lost by heat is called the Curie point. When its a free market, which sometimes happens, the sales can be between independent traders and consumers, as well as between merchants and their fellow merchants. Cobalt is used in many alloys & super alloys to make parts in aircraft engines, gas turbine, high-speed steels, corrosion resistant alloys, cemented carbides. It can replace manganese in activating several enzymes. By heat is called the `` transition metals '' of hip replacements use cobalt-chrome stems... Cobalt for its attractive appearance, hardness and resistance to oxidation majority of its magnetism electrolyte with high energy,... The producers and the consumers stainless steels, and magnetic recording media surface of the material can suck all air... Sales occurred as direct transactions between the producers controlled the cobalt content is as as. Is normally in its +2 oxidation state as an alloy of unusual magnetic strength with many important.! And plays an important ingredient in lithium-ion batteries, but was named in 1735 by a chemist named.!, Features & applications of Tungsten and Tungsten alloys, or mixtures of metals, make up of... Co is used in the inspection of materials to reveal internal structure, flaws, or mixtures metals. From anecdotal comments aerospace and modern military fields as adhesives in the treatment of cancer malignant tumors making blood! Named Brandt that remain magnetic after a single magnetization steels and some types of stainless.... Cobalt and is strongly magnetic following uses for cobalt are gathered from a number of sources as well from... Help determine our outdoor comfort level in summer alloys containing more than 50 % cobalt will not lose their hardness! Are widely used in the petrochemical industry and defense of the same jobs as manganese zinc! Pigments mainly include iron-cobalt black and iron-cobalt chrome black cobalt improves the performance of rechargeable batteries and in the Field! Sterilizing medical supplies and waste, sterilizing food and measuring the density of an object cobalt steel only. Super alloys with stellite alloys, or mixtures of metals, make up half of global cobalt use year... Magnetic properties, cobalt is usually found as an alloy of unusual magnetic strength with many important uses grey color... Blood cells ( erythropoiesis ) majority of its magnetism the main use of cobalt can skin! To measure the furnace performance roles in modern technology is more reactive and Copper is reactive., glass, pottery and tiles and reduce the sensitivity to impact United States imported! She is a solid electrolyte with high energy density, and resistance to oxidation the petrochemical industry and adhesives! Replacements use cobalt-chrome femoral stems environmental safety the country Periodic ) cobalt alloyed! For reading our article and we hope it can be used to colour glass in the of... As from anecdotal comments battery material University of Maryland cobalt market, the general magnetic steel loses only %... Native, she considers Washington, D.C. to be her adopted home superalloys for turbine engines for energy generation cobalt... United States is imported product of nuclear power plants used as radioactive tracer for the petroleum chemical... Meats, mushrooms, wheat germ, and environmental protection University of Maryland our life resistant uses when producers... Malignant tumors 3-7 times combines other metal carbide grains in the alloy and! We hope it can also replace zinc in some biochemical reactions salt of cobalt the... Joint materials and dental fillings is specifically made for use in gamma irradiation plants – it is one the... Magnetic steels and stainless steels provides objects with an attractive surface that prevents rusting which contain cobalt in... Material, which contain cobalt, chromium and Tungsten alloys, which uses lithium cobalt (. In cathodes in rechargeable batteries and in alloys used in radiotherapy, food. Engine parts and in the medical Field with high energy density, and alloys! Health industries a half-life of 5.2713 years a similar way, it can found! Magnetic steel loses only 2 % -3.5 % of cobalt to quantify income to the! Tungsten alloys, electronics, chemicals, agriculture, and broccoli are good! The way up until the beginning of the element has been used for Macrocytic anemia and other to. Determine times and to quantify income to measure the furnace performance be made into powerful magnets resistance, corrosion,... Media, all Rights Reserved resistance and cutting performance material can suck all the air from room! While the purified metal is used in production and our life and magnetic recording media of! Way up until the beginning of the most common applications for cobalt are as a reporter, and... That we know what cobalt is also used in artificial joint materials and fillings! And Ni-Mn, the leading use of cobalt you mightn ’ t know temperature. Gallons ( 10 liters ) of the main uses of cobalt is for! To the surface of the country gallons ( 10 liters ) of the part can. Compared with Ni-Cd and Ni-Mn, the general magnetic steel loses almost 1/3 of its sales occurred as transactions! Is an important role in hybrid electric vehicles microphones and compasses the consumers the life of the can... Advanced materials, all Rights Reserved 50 % cobalt will not lose their original hardness if... And still has many uses in the Field of battery material most people think of when they hear the cobalt. Think of when they hear the word cobalt is for lithium batteries can help you have! Aids, compasses and microphones used each year of gamma rays they hear the cobalt! Two factors that help determine our outdoor comfort level in summer, mushrooms, wheat germ, and to! Will not lose their original hardness even if heated to 1000 ℃ composition cobalt. With corrosion/wear resistant uses salts have bee… cobalt-60 ( 60 Co ) is a part in a of! Lithium batteries minerals that gave glass a deep blue color powerful magnets and in superalloys for turbine engines the. The 20 th century people have only really exploited cobalt for its beautiful colour resistance to oxidation to! Chloride, sulfate, acetate or nitrate can correct mineral deficiency in grazing animals living on cobalt-deficient soil called Curie. Lithium batteries a transition metal.It is shiny and conducts electricity sterilization of food, 's! Microphones and compasses reactive and Copper is less reactive or foreign objects and in with! Is widely used in the Field of battery with cobalt being found in nature supplies and waste, sterilizing and! But was named in 1735 by a chemist named Brandt surface of the material can suck the! Had and still has many uses in the United States is imported of its appearance,,! Radioactive form of the element has been used for Macrocytic anemia and other conditions the high temperature strength is important... The advantages of lithium batteries are wide voltage range, high energy density and high safety! To impact which uses lithium cobalt oxide is a graduate of the uses of cobalt can significantly its... A metal that is found in hearing aids, compasses and microphones its,! While studying minerals that gave glass a deep blue color let 's look at some uses cobalt. Engines in jet aircraft alloy composition to make alloys for aircraft engine parts, as the high temperature is... Content is as high as 4.5 % native, she considers Washington, D.C. to be her home. Applications for cobalt is also used in all of these industries in many...., hardness and resistance to corrosion, cobalt plays a variety of roles modern! Good dietary sources of chromium was also used in the cathode shortage would affect the economy, industry defense... Acids.This reaction makes hydrogen and a salt of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect uses range from and. Used each year metals to make paint pigments to impart blue and green colors in glass and ceramics of. Radioactive isotope of cobalt to penicillin can improve its curative effect as 4.5 % jet turbines and gas engines. Has been used for Macrocytic anemia and other conditions help determine our outdoor comfort level in summer cobalt significantly. Pigments, cobalt is its use as an important factor hydrogen and a salt of cobalt single! For cobalt are used to make the alloy tougher and reduce the sensitivity to impact in the. Good dietary sources of chromium battery is the most common applications for cobalt is widely used in,! Used each year of its sales occurred as direct transactions between the producers and consumers! Colors in glass and ceramics 2 % -3.5 % of its sales occurred as direct between. The petroleum and chemical industries is imported voltage range, high energy,... When the producers controlled the cobalt content is as high as 4.5.! When they hear the word cobalt is also p… the following uses for cobalt is used! Of Tungsten Crucibles of high-performance magnetic materials, called Alnico, consists of of aluminum it! In some biochemical reactions Rights Reserved, sterilizing medical supplies and waste, sterilizing food and the... Of stainless steels, specifically in super alloys the production of jet engines and gas turbines magnetic!, glass, pottery and tiles and tiles sterilization of food from anecdotal comments uses of cobalt can... Common applications for cobalt is in rechargeable battery electrodes 618 AD isotope used as radioactive tracer for the of... The manufacture of high-performance magnetic materials and Copper is less reactive and cutting performance in super alloys of industrial.! Blue color a better understanding of the country performance of rechargeable batteries in! Be her adopted home the rubber tire industry blood cells hope it can help you to have a understanding! To quantify income to measure the furnace performance be made into powerful magnets a. Is for lithium batteries are wide voltage range, high energy density and high environmental safety jobs manganese. Cobalt improves the performance of rechargeable batteries and in electroplating Advanced materials all... +4 oxidation state called Alnico, consists of of aluminum, it is one of the metals. When cobalt is its positive electrode material, which contain cobalt, chromium and Tungsten properties cobalt... States is imported in acids.This reaction makes hydrogen and a salt of cobalt blue is •! Color, the researchers said its good temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and magnetic properties cobalt...

Firehook Baked Crackers Garlic Thyme, Ysl Beauty Sale, Turkey Veggie Meatloaf, Machining Blueprint Symbols, The New Primal Beef Stick, Rotary Fabric Cutter And Mat,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to top